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Spark Your Spanish – Ser, Estar and Tener

Review Video

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Aprender gramática española con Spark Spanish

All beginner Spanish learners who study at Spark learn how to use verbs. One of the questions our Spanish teachers get asked most is the difference between ser, estar and tener. Here are some quick explanations of the difference between Ser, Estar and Tener and some expressions to help you know when to use them. See how many you can use next time you speak Spanish!

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Usos de Ser
Uses of Ser

1. Cualidades, Características (carácter, tamaño, color, material, apariencias), Descripciónes
Qualities, Characteristics (Character, size, colour, material, appearance.), Descriptions

2. Nacionalidad, profesión y posesión
Nationality, profession and possession

Usos de Estar
Uses of Estar

1. Expresa lugar o posición, condiciones temporales y estados de ánimo o salud.
Expresses place or position, weather conditions and moods or health.

Usos de Tener

Uses of Tener

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1. Posesión en descripciones de personas
Possession in descriptions of people

2. Estados físicos y ánimicos (hambre, frío, sed, calor, miedo, sueño…)
Physical and mood states (hunger, cold, thirst, heat, fear, sleep …)

3. Edad.
Age

 Ser  Estar  Tener
 Yo  Soy  Estoy  Tengo
 Tu  Eres  Estás  Tienes
 El/Ella/Usted  Es  Está  Tiene
 Nostros  Somos  Estamos  Tenemos
 Vosotros  Sóis  Estáis  Tenéis
 Ellos  Son  Están  Tienen

Algunos ejemplos de expresiones en las culaes se utiliza ser, estar y tener:
Here are some examples of Spanish expressions which use ser, estar and tener:

Ser aburrido = to be boring Estar aburrido = to be bored
Ser rico = to be rich Estar rico = to be tasty
Ser bueno = to be good Estar bueno = to be tasty or attractive
Ser malo = to be bad Estar malo = to be ill
Ser listo = to be clever Estar listo = to be ready
Tener sueño = to be sleepy or tired Estar cansado = to be tired
Tener frío = to be cold (feel cold yourself) Estar frío = to be cold (an object is cold in temperature)
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Read some more Spanish expressions here!

Like what you´ve read?! Why not learn more Spanish with us?! If you enjoyed the quiz why not try out our Spanish Level Test and see how you do?¡Hasta pronto!

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