Spark Your Spanish – Ser, Estar and Tener

Learn Spanish Grammar with Spark Spanish
Aprender gramática española con Spark Spanish

All beginner Spanish learners who study at Spark learn how to use verbs. One of the questions our Spanish teachers get asked most is the difference between ser, estar and tener. Here are some quick explanations of the difference between Ser, Estar and Tener and some expressions to help you know when to use them. See how many you can use next time you speak Spanish!


Usos de Ser
Uses of Ser

1. Cualidades, Características (carácter, tamaño, color, material, apariencias), Descripciónes
Qualities, Characteristics (Character, size, colour, material, appearance.), Descriptions

2. Nacionalidad, profesión y posesión
Nationality, profession and possession

Usos de Estar
Uses of Estar

1. Expresa lugar o posición, condiciones temporales y estados de ánimo o salud.
Expresses place or position, weather conditions and moods or health.

Usos de Tener

Uses of Tener

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1. Posesión en descripciones de personas
Possession in descriptions of people

2. Estados físicos y ánimicos (hambre, frío, sed, calor, miedo, sueño…)
Physical and mood states (hunger, cold, thirst, heat, fear, sleep …)

3. Edad.

 Ser Estar Tener
 Yo Soy Estoy Tengo
 Tu Eres Estás Tienes
 El/Ella/Usted Es Está Tiene
 Nostros Somos Estamos Tenemos
 Vosotros Sóis Estáis Tenéis
 Ellos Son Están Tienen

Algunos ejemplos de expresiones en las culaes se utiliza ser, estar y tener:
Here are some examples of Spanish expressions which use ser, estar and tener:

Ser aburrido = to be boringEstar aburrido = to be bored
Ser rico = to be richEstar rico = to be tasty
Ser bueno = to be goodEstar bueno = to be tasty or attractive
Ser malo = to be badEstar malo = to be ill
Ser listo = to be cleverEstar listo = to be ready
Tener sueño = to be sleepy or tiredEstar cansado = to be tired
Tener frío = to be cold (feel cold yourself)Estar frío = to be cold (an object is cold in temperature)
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Read some more Spanish expressions here!

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